Immortalised by the Festival of the Two Worlds, Spoleto, the world centre of entertainment, preserves a vast historical heritage, now easily accessible thanks to three mechanised routes, expression of the "Spoleto, a city open to man" project. In fact, the city is made up of an ancient Umbrian-Roman nucleus on high ground and medieval quarters extending further down the valley. Spoleto, capital of the territory of the ancient Umbrians, was the Roman colony that put Hannibal to flight. It became the seat of the Longobard Duchy, whose power can be seen in the Basilica of San Salvatore, now a Unesco heritage site.
The Ghibelline pride of the people of Spoleto was interrupted by the Church, which had a grand papal fortress built. The Ponte delle Torri (The Bridge of Towers), a medieval aqueduct, was praised by Goethe. Further down is the famous cathedral rich in precious 15th century frescoes by Fra’ Lippi. Of the hundred towers that Spoleto had, the Torre dell'Olio (Oil Tower) stands as the last bastion of the medieval city, while the churches, jewels of Romanesque art, are silent witnesses to its glorious past.